“Like sands through the hourglass, so are the days of our lives.”
McDonald Carey who played Dr. Tom Horton
The idea of “time slipping by” relates directly to the stock market over the past several months as we rapidly approach the halfway point for 2014. “Better than expected” economic data and earnings news has buoyed the market against the drain of liquidity from the Fed. Despite commentary from the mainstream media that the markets are doing great, the updated chart below shows the market continues its tug-o-war.
There are two ways to look at stagnation in the markets. It is either a consolidation process that works off an overbought condition which leads to further advances, OR it is a topping process that leads to a market decline.
The chart below is what a consolidation process looks like. I have shown the Dow, S&P 500, Nasdaq and Russell 2000 indexes from July of 2013 through the end of last year.
Notice that the all the markets get oversold but remained in consolidation together. As the market gained strength the more “aggressive” stocks, as represented by the Nasdaq and Russell 2000, broke out first followed by the more defensive S&P 500. In other words, the degree of correlation between stocks remained high which is bullish.
The next chart shows what a topping process looks like. In 2011, the markets began a topping pattern which led to a rather aggressive selloff during that summer. As you can see in the next chart, the consolidation pattern looks very similar to the current period as shown above. All stocks remain highly correlated and the markets get oversold prior to the next move.
Of course, the difference is that in 2011, this pattern ended in a rather severe correction of almost 20%.
The obvious question is what was the difference? Were there any signs that suggested that the consolidation in 2011 was going to breakdown as opposed to the ramp up in 2013?
For that answer let’s take a look at some internal measures of the market for any tell-tale clues.
The first charts shows the number of stocks on bullish “buy” signals for the S&P 500 in 2011, 2013 and currently.
In 2011, this indicator was deteriorating sharply and by the middle of May was down 15%. This was as opposed to the consolidation process in 2013 as the index was up 20%. Notice, that during the current correction process the index is down 15% at the same point as we were in 2011.
The next chart is the CBOE Total Put/Call Ratio, which measures “fear” in the markets. When investors are complacent, or have no fear of a correction, markets tend to rise. However, when this index is on the rise it is generally a sign that underpinnings of the market are more fragile.
As shown in 2013, as the markets consolidated, there was no “fear” of a correction. In fact, the longer the consolidation ran the less fearful investors got. This was not the case prior to the onset of the correction in 2011, nor is it today.
Lastly, the NYSE High-Low Index, which measures the number of stocks hitting new highs versus new lows, is an indicator of the participation of stocks in the market.
As you can see in both 2011, and currently, the performance of the index in May was near zero as opposed to the consolidation prior to the advance in 2013 where the performance was close to 90%.
The point here is that the current consolidation process looks more similar to 2011 than 2013.
There is also another important similarity.
In 2011, the Federal Reserve was in the process of winding down their second liquidity program (QE2) as opposed to 2013 as the Fed aggressively bought $85 billion monthly in bonds which directly supported asset prices. Today, the Fed is in the process of shutting down their current liquidity program hoping that “forward guidance” will be enough to support asset prices.
Let me be clear. I am not stating that the current consolidation process will absolutely collapse into a sharp correction in the months ahead. However, I am stating that the current environment is more similar to past markets that did correct, than not.
While we are maintaining current portfolio allocations currently, our “alert” signals are high. The chart below shows the paths of the market and where actions will be triggered.
I have denoted where actions will likely be suggested, as well. A breakout to the upside will need to retest previous resistance (top red line) and move higher. This will confirm the breakout, which failed back in April, and suggest that the markets are moving higher and portfolio allocations to equities should be increased.
However, a breakdown in the market below 1850 will be an indication that equity related exposure in portfolios should be reduced. A break of that previous support would suggest a further decline to 1820. At this point, the markets are likely to be fairly oversold on a weekly basis and a bounce that fails at 1850, turning previous support into resistance, will likely be the second and last chance to reduce equity exposure prior to a sharper correction ensuing.
The timing of such events is somewhat nebulous. It could happen next week, next month or next quarter. The point here is that it is important to pay attention to the markets and your portfolio.
As my good friend Richard Rosso, CFP, pointed out to me on Friday:
“The markets spend 5% of their time making new highs. The other 95% of the time is spent making up prior losses.”
This is an important point to remember. Getting back to even is NOT an investment strategy. Therefore, employing some discipline to avoid large losses is FAR more important to your long term investment success than chasing market returns.
“The house doesn’t beat the player. It just gives him the opportunity to beat himself. “
As I have discussed previously, there is little doubt that the Federal Reserve’s ongoing liquidity programs have lofted asset prices far in excess of economic value. Furthermore, the move by the Fed to artificially suppress interest rates to abnormally low levels, in hopes of stimulating an economic recovery, has led to the “great yield chase” as investors seek to garner a return on cash.
This chase for yield, combined with the Federal Reserve’s “support” of the financial markets, has led to an excessive level of “greed” within the financial markets. This is clearly shown in the next chart which shows near record levels of asset prices, margin debt or “leverage” and near record low yields on “junk bonds.”
As shown, such a mix of “greed” and “complacency” by investors never ends well. The cause of the reversion is never known beforehand. Economists and analysts routinely come with a variety of metrics as to why current levels of market valuation are reasonable. It is only in hindsight that the culprit is revealed and is usually something the markets were completely unaware of.
The current decline in interest rates suggests that the economy is indeed weaker than current economic reports suggest. The majority of the recent upticks in economic data is due to an inventory restocking cycle after the drawdown in the first quarter. More importantly, for investors, the decline in rates is not supportive of higher asset prices currently. The chart below shows the divergence between stocks and bonds.
Both cannot be correct and the gap will eventually be filled as it has in the past. The important question for investors is whether it will be a sharp rise in interest rates or a decline in stocks? We are likely to have a resolution sooner rather than later as slip into the dog days of summer. (Read “Sell In May?”)
With the markets near their highs for the year, and no technical violations of key support, complacency remains high. That complacency has been emboldened, as I discussed recently, each decline has been met by Federal Reserve intervention to inject liquidity and stem selling.
“Is it “actually” the Federal Reserve’s actions that are supporting the financial markets? To answer this question I examined the weekly changes to the Fed’s balance sheet as compared to the S&P 500.”
“As you can see, through the majority of 2012 the market struggled to advance as the changes to the Fed’s balance sheet limited overall balance sheet increases. However, beginning in December of 2012, as the Federal Reserve fully implemented the current QE program, asset prices begin to surge. Furthermore, as I have highlighted with vertical lines, market declines were halted as large rounds of asset purchases pushed liquidity into the financial system.”
There is currently no reason to reduce portfolio allocations at the current time. However, the rising risks do have my undivided attention. With the Federal Reserve continuing to reduce their support, and eventually end it altogether, there is a rising degree of uncertainty whether the markets can continue to interpret “bad news” as“good news.” With both the S&P 500 and Wilshire 500 indices extremely deviated from their long-term (36 month) moving averages, the risk of a significant “reversion” has increased.
At some point, a negative catalyst will overwhelm the bullish consensus creating a stampede for the exits. I do not know when that will happen or what will cause it, but I do know that it will occur. As I stated above, the markets have not technically done anything wrong as yet, however, there are plenty of reasons to be scared. History is replete with the “blood baths” that have occurred from a combination of excess complacency and overconfidence. This time is unlikely to be any different.
Have a great week.
Lance Roberts is the General Partner & CEO of STA Wealth Management, Host of the “Streettalk Live” Daily Radio Show(streamed live at www.streettalklive.com), and Chief Editor of the X-Factor Report and the Daily X-Change Blog.
Follow me on Twitter: @streettalklive