Negative Real Interest Rates & Gold
Gold seems to be sparking more attention these days, as investors have seen the precious metal steadily rise from its December low of around $1,200, to a new high of $1,350 just three months later.
What’s Driving Gold?
The media has been focusing on the conflict in Ukraine and Russia as the main driver for gold, but I think an equally important driver relates to real interest rates.
For gold, the real fuel lies in negative-to-low real rates of return. Historically, the gold price rises when the inflationary rate (CPI) is greater than the current interest rate. Similarly, when real interest rates go positive, you can expect the gold price to drop.
Investors can watch out for two factors to see if the embers still spark for gold. Take a look at what happened over the past year with real interest rates and gold:
A Year in Review
- A year ago in March 2013, the five-year Treasury yield was offering investors 0.88 percent, while inflation was 1.5 percent. This equaled a real rate of return of -0.62 percent, so investors were losing money. That month we saw gold reach as high as $1,614.
- The five-year Treasury yield rose to 1.74 percent in December of that year, as inflation lowered to 1.20 percent, returning a positive rate of 0.54 percent. What happened to gold? The price dropped to a staggering $1,187.
- Today inflation has gone up 40 basis points to 1.60 percent while the five-year Treasury yield is at 1.53 percent. A negative real rate of return has resurfaced. Meanwhile, gold rose to $1,350.
More Inflation Coming?
Inflation has been off the radar for most people in the U.S., but Macquarie Research made an interesting observation as wage growth experienced the largest monthly increase in more than three years. Going back more than 15 years, you can see the six-month annualized change of 3.3 percent is “the highest pace of wage growth in over five years,” says Macquarie.
Usually, wage growth leads to an increase in the cost of goods, which translates to higher inflation.
And, with the Federal Reserve expected to keep rates low for a period of time to allow the economy to continue growing, it looks like real interest rates will remain low-to-negative, which should keep investors hot for gold.
Check out our latest Special Gold Report to read more on how the gold price is driven by Fed policy, unemployment and inflation.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is one of the most widely recognized price measures for tracking the price of a market basket of goods and services purchased by individuals. The weights of components are based on consumer spending patterns.
All opinions expressed and data provided are subject to change without notice. Some of these opinions may not be appropriate to every investor.